To know how to install drywall in a kit home yourself is a great skill, but DIY plastering is well within the reach of the handy person. The recent proliferation of drywall tools gives us novices a head start and a great finish.
For this page I use the term drywall. It is the US term used for a common method of constructing interior walls and ceilings using panels made of gypsum plaster pressed and dried between two thick sheets of paper. To install drywall in an entire 3 bedroom house will take one or two days by two experienced drywallers, but is now so easy to use and specific tools so prolific, that it can be installed by any amateur kit home builder.
Lets look at a list of drywall tools and equipment that will make this task achievable.
10mm to 13mm (3/8" to 1/2") thicknesses, with either recessed or square edge profiles
10mm (3/8") thick lightweight plasterboard used as a ceiling lining
Moisture resistant Wet Area Plasterboard is used for lining of wet areas in bathrooms, shower recesses, laundries and toilets
Wet area Fibre Cement
6.5mm (1/4") board for lining walls in kitchens, bathrooms, laundries and other common ‘wet areas’, fibre cement sheet is immune to permanent water damage and will not rot
Used in partition wall and ceiling systems where specific fire-resistance ratings are required. It contains reinforced glass fibre
Wet area fire stop
developed specifically for use in wet area fire-rated partition
For use in high-performance acoustic wall and ceiling systems up to 13 mm, high density
6.5mm (1/4") thick plasterboard is used to construct curved walls, arches, ceiling and feature panels
If your standard board is 10mm (3/8"), then ex factory it will cost between $6-$8 USD per sheet (8x4). In Australia it seems to be more than twice the cost, so $4-$5 per square metre or $20 per sheet or more is close to the mark. If you want it hung and finished put away another 60c to $1 per square foot depending on how complex the job is. That's about $30-$40 per sheet. My 140 sq metre house cost $6k for complete installation (I supplied the linings). Get a few quotes and don't necessarily choose the cheapest and demand a cleanup of the site. Many drywallers will not finish a job where the sheets are already hung. They are a bit precious in this area as they call all others 'cowboys' or will groan about the uneven joints and levels.... So think twice about starting something you may not finish. In reality, these guys are artisans who value true lines and ripple free walls. That is, what you would demand if you paid money for it.
Gypsum-based setting products designed for taping and base coating plasterboard joints and angles. These compounds come in 45 to 90 minute working times
Designed for use as a finishing coat over taping and base coats. Products are pre-mixed for immediate use and are designed for hand trowel or machine application. There are two types, semi-light and heavy-bodied formulations
Gypsum-based adhesives designed to fix plain and decorative cornices to plasterboard walls and ceilings
All Purpose Compounds
Pre-mixed compounds which can be used as a three coat wall jointing system with paper tape. Alternatively they can be used as a second and/or finishing coat over gypsum jointing compounds
Wet Area Compounds
For jointing and sealing wet area plasterboard usually ready mixed for immediate use
For fast fixing of plasterboard to timber and metal studs
When the drywall panels are delivered, have them dropped on the floor inside the house.
They can come in 2.4 x 1.2 m (8 x 4 ft) or larger panels up to 6 metres (20ft) long so if you
want to move them you need two people.
When sheeting up a room, start with the ceiling. Plastering a ceiling requires a lot of preliminary work so let's get started. Most kit homes come with metal ceiling battens as an alternative to wood ceiling joists. They are much easier to install and of course much cheaper when installing drywall ceilings.
First thing to do is establish the lowest point on the trusses in the room, add the depth of the batten and transfer that height to the edges of the room using a chalk stringline. Mark off where the battens will be placed around the wall.
Ceiling batten spacings are usually 450mm (18in). Alter widths to ensure sheets will be adequately supported on the edges. Using wood tech screws and attach the metal battens to the bottom chords of the trusses.
Add packing strips under the battens to level them with the lowest point found earlier and screw home the rest of the battens.
Don't forget before you wall up the interior, get the electrician and the plumber to do their "Rough In" preliminary installations through the exposed framing.
Measure and mark, then using a large T-square, score the paper on the front side (usually white) with a utility knife. Break the sheet along the cut with your knee or over a platform edge, then score the paper backing, which will complete the cut.
Small features such as holes for outlets and light switches are measured and cut now using a keyhole saw, a small high-speed bit in a rotary tool or a small hand saw.
One of the most useful tools in drywalling is the drywall lift or drywall hoist. It can be hired or bought and on sold, but for a sole worker it is a must.
To install drywall ceilings without a drywall lift, you can make your own support ...construct a 800 x 800mm (30ins) wood frame to lay on the floor, add an upright T section frame just under the height of the ceiling battens, so it can wedge up one end of the sheet, as you nail up the other end. You can even put casters on the base, with brake stoppers, to easily move and position the ceiling sheets. Or use a few buddies.
Start in a corner opposite the entry to the house and dab on 'walnut' sized dollops of stud adhesive to the metal ceiling battens. Raise the sheet to the ceiling and position it against the vertical wall studs and across the battens. Using an electric driver, apply screws at 20cm (7-8in) spacings along the battens.
Drywall screw heads have a curved taper allowing them to self-pilot and install rapidly without punching through the paper cover. The driver should screw in the fastener until the surface is dimpled, but not broken. Continue sheeting length-ways to the opposite side and cut the last sheet to fit. Start at that end and work back, so the sheets are staggered.
If the sheet bows in the centre, use 5cm (2in) square drywall offcuts as temporary nail blocks to secure the sheet without nailing through it. Now glue the lower sheet in place. Wedge up if necessary to just touch the top sheet, make sure it is level then fasten.
More Drywall Tips
Special metal or plastic corner strips are used to finish the outside corners of drywall sheeting. Measure the length of the outside corner to be covered. If possible,the corner bead should cover the entire length of the drywall on the outside corner. Cut the corner bead with tin snips and fit the bead to the sheeting corner, manoeuver it until you have a good 90-degree angle on the corner.
When you are sure the corner bead is sitting square and vertical, put two or three nails or screws through the corner bead and into the frame to hold it in place. Have another look then continue to nail or screw every 20cm (8ins) along the entire length on both walls. You're now ready to apply joint compound to the corners.
Drywall taping tips
After the sheets are secured to the wall studs or ceiling joists, the seams between drywall sheets are concealed using joint tape and one or two layers of joint compound. This compound is also applied to any screw holes or defects. Use a 10cm (4in) joint finishing knife to apply a thin coat of joint compound.
Center the drywall tape over the joint, press it into the first layer of compound firmly, holding the knife at a 45-degree angle. This should squeeze some of the compound out through the tape. Leave this layer to air dry for 24 hours.
Apply a fill coat over the taped compound, extending it a few inches beyond the edge of the tape. Feather the edges of the compound for a smooth finish. When the first layer is completely dry, sand it lightly and apply a second coat of compound mix, feathering the edges about 5cm (2ins) beyond the first coat. Let it dry thoroughly, then sand it lightly and apply a third coat using a very wide float. The total width of the final application should be about 30cm (12ins). When the final coat is dry, sand it lightly to a smooth finish.
The above plastering tips and info set out to show how to install drywall, and help show how achievable diy plastering can really be. Knowing how much drywall costs and having access to the increasingly extensive drywall tools, will have your interior kit home walls looking like a professional did the job.
Next stop is hanging interior doors here